Francesca is research assistant at the Department of Economics and Statistics, University of Siena. By the end of the PhD in Applied Statistics, she has been working on poverty measures from various points: cross-sectional and longitudinal, multidimensional, absolute or relative, national level or local and small area level. She has also been working on methods for variance estimation. Actually the research activity is focused mainly on conventional and non-conventional poverty measures at regional level or in small area. She has been involved in several European research project, in particular as data manager and SAS analyst. She has been teaching in several university courses for undergraduates, Masters and PhD and also in International Summer Schools.